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Anna's Flowers

    Episode 48 (Vol. 11 Ch. 95): Johan's efforts to acquire the tape lead him to Suk's mother, who allows him to see it and copy over a message for Tenma. He brings her a gorgeous bouquet.

Azalea (Rhododendron)

    There are two types of flowers. The first one resembles either Lilium or Azalea (Rhododendron).

    Some species of rhododendron are poisonous because of a toxin called grayanotoxin in their pollen and nectar. People have been known to become ill from eating honey made by bees feeding on rhododendron and azalea flowers. Xenophon described the odd behaviour of Greek soldiers after having consumed honey in a village surrounded by Rhododendron ponticum during the march of the Ten Thousand in 401 BC:
    "When the greek army was said to be retreating from an unsuccessful invasion of the Persian Empire, while passing through Trebizond, the soldiers discovered that the woods they were passing through were filled with bee hives, which honeycombs were dripping in honey. Naturally the troops eagerly consumed as much honey as their stomach could tolerate. As a result of this honey binge, they all suffered adverse effects in the form of vomiting, and diarrhea. Many unable to stand on their own to feet… Some dropped to the ground, hundreds of them laid appearing to be dead, others appeared to be violently drunk or acted as if insane. Luckily enough, by the fourth day they had recovered and the Persians had not discovered their vulnerable predicament."

    In 67 BC, 334 years later, Pompey the Great of Rome embarked to defeat the King of Pontus, Mithridates VI. Part of Pompey's army camped in the same area near the Black Sea coast of Turkey where Xenophon's army had been poisoned. History repeated itself. Locals gave Pompey's troops honeycombs. The soldiers reportedly suffered lethal casualties. The suspect rhododendrons are Rhododendron ponticum and Rhododendron luteum (formerly Azalea pontica), both found in northern Asia Minor. This time, the Pontic army learned of their predicament and massacred Pompey's party. It took Pompey an additional three years to defeat the Pontic army.

    For many years, many cultures have attempted to use Grayanotoxins from Rhododendron chrysanthum to treat rheumatism and gout. Such attempts were accomplished their goal but were complicated with severe (hallucinogenic and laxative) side-effects and, in some cases, death. Finally a pharmaceutical company in Germany was able to isolate the particular Grayanotoxin, Grayanotoxin I, to successfully treat high blood pressure.

Queen Anne's lace
Didiscus caerulea

    The second flower seems to belong to Apiaceae (Umbelliferae) family. The plants which belong to this family are often used as greenery and a filler in bouquets.
    This may be:
1. Queen Anne's lace (Daucus carota). Queen Anne's Lace, also called "wild carrot," is a common plant in dry fields, ditches, and open areas. It was introduced from Europe, and the carrots that we eat today were once cultivated from this plant.
Queen Anne’s lace is said to have been named after Queen Anne of England, who was an expert lace maker. Legend has it that when pricked with a needle, a single drop of blood fell from her finger onto the lace, leaving the dark purple floret found in the flower’s center.
    Queen Anne's lace may also refer to plants with flowers similar to Daucus carota, including Ammi majus, Ammi visnaga and Anthriscus sylvestris.
2. Blue Lace flower (Didiscus caerulea).



    In the anime the bouquet was composed of white lilies and yellow roses. The third flower looks similar to mimosa, but it's impossible to say for sure.